Food Poisoning - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Food Poisoning in Urdu

فوڈ پوائزننگ، جسے کھانے سے پیدا ہونے والی بیماری بھی کہا جاتا ہے، ایک صحت کی حالت ہے جو زہریلا، گرا ہوا، یا آلودہ کھانا کھانے کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ فوڈ پوائزننگ کی علامات متلی، الٹی اور اسہال ہیں۔ کارآمد ایجنٹ وائرس، بیکٹیریا، پروٹوزوا، یا ٹاکسن ہو سکتے ہیں۔ وہ پروسیسنگ یا کھانا پکانے کے کسی بھی مرحلے پر کھانے کو آلودہ کر سکتے ہیں۔ مزید یہ کہ اگر صحیح اور حفظان صحت کی شرائط پر عمل نہ کیا جائے تو یہ گھر میں بھی آلودہ ہو سکتا ہے۔ عام طور پر، یہ خود ہی چلا جاتا ہے. لیکن بعض اوقات، آپ کو اینٹی بائیوٹک یا اینٹی پروٹوزول دوا لینے کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے اگر یہ طویل عرصے تک باقی رہتی ہے۔ زیادہ تر، یہ اس وقت ہوتا ہے جب آپ کسی غیر معیاری جگہ یا ریستوراں سے کھانا کھاتے ہیں جہاں حفظان صحت کی شرائط پوری نہیں ہوتی ہیں۔

Food Poisoning in English

Food poisoning, also known as food-borne illness, is a health condition that occurs due to eating toxic, spilled, or contaminated food. Symptoms of food poisoning are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The causative agents can be viruses, bacteria, protozoa, or toxins. They can contaminate the food at any stage of processing or cooking. Moreover, it can also get contaminated at home if the right and hygienic conditions are not followed. Generally, it goes away on its own. But sometimes, you need to take an antibiotic or an antiprotozoal drug if it remains for a long time. Mostly, it occurs when you eat food from a substandard place or restaurant where hygienic conditions are not met. 


The symptoms of food poisoning vary according to the causative agent. Mostly they show the following signs and symptoms;

  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever
  • Blood in the stool
  • Mucus in the stool
  • Loose, watery stools
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Bloating
  • Nausea
  • Urgent need to have a bowel movement
  • Fever 

The symptoms may begin after one hour of eating food. Or sometimes, they may even take days and weeks to show up. However, the sickness may take time to go. You may need to take medications to get rid of symptoms, especially nausea, vomiting, and fever. 

Food poisoning, if left untreated, can lead to life-threatening symptoms like;

  • Fever higher than 101.5°F
  • Difficulty seeing 
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Diarrhea that persists for more than 3 days
  • Dehydration

Symptoms of severe dehydration are; 

  • Dry mouth
  • Passing little to no urine
  • Difficulty keeping fluids down
  • Bloody urine


Food can get contaminated at any stage of processing. The germs can be transferred from one place to another, a term known as cross-contamination, which is often the cause of food poisoning. Mostly, it occurs with ready-to-eat, raw, and uncooked foods like salads and smoothies because they are not cooked at high temperatures where germs can die due to unsuitable conditions. Many bacteria, viruses, and protozoa can cause food poisoning. The causative agents can be listed as;

  • Bacillus cereus
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Clostridium botulinum
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Escherichia coli
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Salmonella
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Vibrio vulnificus
  • Shigella
  • Rotavirus
  • Noroviruses
  • Listeria
  • Hepatitis A
  • Giardia lamblia

Risk factors 

Some factors play a role in causing food poisoning. The amount of food you have eaten, your age, the state of your immune system may gauge the kind of food poisoning you will have. High-risk groups for food poisoning are;

Older age- when you get old, your body may not respond as quickly to contaminated food as it used to be when you were young. 

Pregnancy- during pregnancy, circulation and metabolism changes have occurred. Due to this, food poisoning may occur faster than usual times. 

Chronic diseases- people having chronic diseases like AIDS, liver diseases, or diabetes may make your immune system weak and reduce its response. 


To prevent food poisoning, you must follow tips like;

  • Wash your hands before eating and even preparing food. 
  • Keep the utensils clean, dry, and covered. 
  • Keep raw food and ready-to-eat food separate. 
  • Do not keep food outside for a long time, especially when the weather is warm and humid.
  • In 2 hours of cooking, keep the food in the fridge. 
  • When doubt occurs about either the food is safe to eat or not, throw it away. Do not take risks.


Food poisoning, also known as food-borne illness, is a health condition that occurs due to eating toxic, spilled, or contaminated food. Symptoms of food poisoning are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The causative agents can be viruses, bacteria, protozoa, or toxins.

Frequently Asked Questions

The translation for food poisoning in Urdu is فوڈ پوائزننگ. It is an illness caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Symptoms of food poisoning include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever.

You can usually tell if you have food poisoning if you start to experience sudden onset of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea a few hours after eating a contaminated food or drink. Other common signs of food poisoning include fever, chills, headache, and muscle aches. If you experience any of these symptoms, contact your doctor right away.

The three main causes of food poisoning are bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli can cause food poisoning if food is not cooked or stored properly. Viruses such as norovirus can also cause food poisoning, and parasites like Giardia and Cryptosporidium can contaminate food or water and cause food poisoning.

Treatment for food poisoning depends on how severe your symptoms are and what caused the illness. In most cases, drug treatment isn't necessary. Treatment may include fluid replacement, antibiotics, antiparasitics, probiotics, drugs for diarrhea or upset stomach, and letting your stomach settle. It is also important to eat after your stomach is settled and to replace fluids with water, sports drinks, juice with added water or broths to prevent dehydration.

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