Abnormal Heart Rhythms - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment
Last Updated On Friday, August 12, 2022
Abnormal Heart Rhythms in English
Abnormal heart rhythm, also known as arrhythmias, is a condition in which the heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. Your heart works with the help of certain electrical impulses. Under normal circumstances, your heart beats around 72 beats per minute. If it starts to beat too fast or too slow, the condition can be known as arrhythmias.
In this article, we are going to discuss the normal functioning of the heart, causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of arrhythmias.
Understanding The Normal Function of The Heart
Your heart has four chambers, and two sides. The left side and the right side. The right side of the heart pumps blood to your lungs to receive oxygen, while the left side of your heart receives that blood from the lungs and pumps it to the whole body.
The heart does all this work in two phases. First, the chambers of the heart relax to fill the blood known as diastole. Then, the heart contracts to eject the blood-filled in the chambers, the phase is known as systole.
Types of Arrhythmias
Arrhythmias can be classified as follows.
Under normal circumstances, your heart beats around 60 to 100 beats per minute when you are at rest. When it beats more than 100 beats per minute when you are at a resting position, this condition can be called tachycardia. It is further classified into three subtypes according to their origin.
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmias. In it, the heart rhythm gets disrupted in the upper chamber of the heart. It can make your heartbeat around 100 to 200 beats per minute, which is way more than normal.
It is a type of arrhythmia that most commonly occurs in the right atrium- one of the upper chambers of the heart.
Bradycardia is a condition in which your heart rate is below 60 beats per minute. It usually occurs when signals that travel from the atria to the ventricle get disrupted. However, athletes may also have a heart rate below 60 beats per minute. But it occurs because of their excellent physical condition.
It is a type of arrhythmia that occurs in ventricles because of which they are unable to pump blood to the body, especially the brain. It is a life-threatening condition that can lead to cardiac arrest.
They are weak and feeble contractions due to which you may feel like the person's heart skips a beat when the pulse is taken from the chest or wrist.
Symptoms of Arrhythmia
Arrhythmias may cause the following signs and symptoms.
A very fast heartbeat (Tachycardia)
A slow heartbeat ( Bradycardia)
Dizziness or fainting
Generally, there is not a single cause for arrhythmias, and they are hard to prevent. Some of the causes for it can be as follows.
Have a family history of cardiac arrest, cardiac rhythm abnormalities, cardiac conduction abnormalities, cardiac myopathies, cardiac failure, and congenital heart diseases
Have had an episode of arrhythmias previously
Using CNS stimulants like amphetamines or illegal drugs like cocaine
Electrolytes imbalance- that can occur due to medications used like corticosteroids, diuretics, or conditions like diarrhea or dehydration.
Chronic kidney disease
Obstructive sleep apnea
The risk factors for arrhythmias are as follows.
Fat rich diet
High blood pressure
High blood cholesterol
Sugar rich diet
Family history of heart diseases, especially coronary artery disease
Arrhythmias is a condition in which the heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. It can occur due to various reasons like coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy (enlarged heart), valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, and electrical problems in the heart.