Brain Tumor - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Saturday, July 13, 2024

Brain Tumor in Urdu

دماغ کا ٹیومر آپ کے دماغ کے اندر خلیوں کی غیر معمولی نشوونما ہے۔ آپ کا دماغ ایک تنگ غلاف میں بند ہے جسے کھوپڑی کہتے ہیں۔ اس کے اندر، اگر کوئی غیر معمولی ترقی ہوتی ہے، تو یہ آپ کی کھوپڑی پر دباؤ ڈال سکتی ہے، جس سے جان لیوا حالات پیدا ہو سکتے ہیں۔ برین ٹیومر یا تو مہلک ہو سکتے ہیں- یعنی وہ کینسر والے ہیں، یا سومی- یعنی غیر کینسر والے۔


سومی برین ٹیومر آپ کو نقصان نہیں پہنچا سکتے۔ لیکن مہلک تیزی سے پھیلتے ہیں اور شدید منفی اثرات پیدا کرتے ہیں۔ برین ٹیومر کو عام طور پر پرائمری اور سیکنڈری برین ٹیومر کے طور پر درجہ بندی کیا جا سکتا ہے۔


پرائمری برین ٹیومر - جو دماغ سے نکلتا ہے۔ ان میں سے اکثر بے نظیر ہیں۔


سیکنڈری برین ٹیومر - ایک جو دوسرے عضو سے نکلتا ہے اور دماغ تک پہنچتا ہے، میٹاسٹیسیس کی شکل میں۔ یہ آپ کے پھیپھڑوں، چھاتی یا جگر میں پیدا ہوسکتا ہے، اور تیزی سے پھیلنے کی وجہ سے دماغ تک پہنچ جاتا ہے۔

Brain Tumor in English

A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells inside your brain. Your brain is enclosed in a tight covering called a skull. Inside it, if any abnormal growth occurs, it can exert pressure on your skull, leading to life-threatening conditions. Brain tumors can be either malignant- means they are cancerous, or benign- means non-cancerous. 


Benign brain tumors may not harm you. But malignant ones spread rapidly and cause severe adverse effects. Brain tumors can be generally classified as a primary and secondary brain tumor. 


Primary brain tumor- one that originates from the brain. Most of them are benign.


Secondary brain tumor- one that originates from the other organ and reaches the brain, in the form of metastases. It may have the origin in your lung, breast or liver, and reaches the brain due to its rapid spread. 



Types 


There are many types of brain tumors according to their origin and types. 


  • Embryonal tumors
  • Ependymoma
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Meningioma
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pediatric brain tumors
  • Brain metastases
  • Choroid plexus carcinoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Pineoblastoma
  • Pituitary tumors



Symptoms 


The signs and symptoms of brain tumors vary greatly, depending on the type, size, origin, and location. The general signs and symptoms are;


  • Headache with changing pattern
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Problems with vision like double vision, blurred vision, or loss of peripheral vision, drooping eyelids, and unequal pupils
  • Loss of sensation or loss of movement in one arm or leg
  • Difficulty balancing your gait
  • Changes in mood, personality, emotions, and behavior
  • Difficulty walking
  • Muscle weakness in the face, arm, or leg
  • Speech difficulties/ slurring of speech
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Numbness or tingling on one side of the body
  • Difficulty understanding complex things
  • Confusion in daily life matters
  • Hand tremors
  • Loss of balance
  • Trouble speaking or understanding what others are saying
  • Hearing problems 
  • Loss of balance
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Personality changes 
  • Vertigo 
  • Seizures 
  • Change in mental functioning 
  • Difficulty reading or writing 
  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • Changes in the ability to hear, taste, or smell
  • Uncontrollable movements



Diagnosis 


After the physical examination, the healthcare provider will perform other tests. They will check your muscle strength, coordination, memory, and ability to do mathematical calculations. Moreover, they will also order other diagnostic tests to finalize the diagnosis. 


CT scan of the head


Through CT scan, the doctors can see a much detailed view of your brain that they could not see through an X-ray machine. It may be done with or without contrast. 


MRI of the head


It is a bit different from a CT scan in which the rays are used to see the image of the inside of your brain. For it, a special dye is used that helps in the easy detection of tumors. 


Angiography


In this procedure, the healthcare providers inject a dye in your artery, usually at the groin area. Then they check how much of it has traveled to your brain. It helps in getting information about the blood supply to the brain. 


X-ray of the skull


Brain tumor leads to fracture of the skull bone. To check it, the healthcare providers may order an X-ray done. A specific kind of X-ray can help detect the fracture of the skull that can pick calcium deposits.


Biopsy 


In this procedure, the healthcare providers take a small piece of your brain cell they feel is growing abnormally. After that, they examine it under the microscope to confirm the diagnosis of a brain tumor. 


Conclusion 


A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells inside your brain. The treatment of it depends upon its type, size, origin, stage, location, and your overall health. The healthcare providers will perform various tests to confirm the diagnosis.


Frequently Asked Questions

The most common symptoms of brain tumors in Urdu are headaches (especially in the morning), dizziness, vomiting, alterations in the actions of speaking, seeing or listening, changes in mood, personality, or ability to concentrate, twitching or seizures, and numbness or tingling in the arms or legs.

Brain tumor in urdu is also برین ٹیومر . A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in your brain. Many different types of brain tumors exist. Some brain tumors are noncancerous (benign), and some brain tumors are cancerous (malignant). Brain tumors can begin in your brain (primary brain tumors), or cancer can begin in other parts of your body and spread to your brain as secondary (metastatic) brain tumors.

We often just don't know why primary brain tumors form. Statistically, in adults, age increases your risk of having a primary brain tumor. And they are more common in women than men. Exposure to some kinds of radiation, including prior cancer treatment, can increase your risk. And there are some rare inherited syndromes that seem related to brain tumor development. But they're not really predictable nor preventable. When it comes to secondary tumors, we know that they spread from cancer in other parts of the body. And the cause of that original cancer, depending on where it started, could have resulted from genetic or external factors.

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