Depression - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Thursday, April 18, 2024

Depression in Urdu

کیا آپ اکثر بغیر کسی وجہ کے کم محسوس کرتے ہیں؟ یہ ٹھیک ہے۔ آپ اپنی زندگی کے بڑے واقعات یا پریشان کن ادوار کے بعد ایسا محسوس کر سکتے ہیں۔ ہم سب اپنی زندگی کے مختلف مراحل سے گزرتے ہیں اور مختلف چیلنجوں کا سامنا کرتے ہیں جو ہمیں احساس کمتری میں مبتلا کر سکتے ہیں۔ آپ میں اعتماد کی کمی ہو سکتی ہے، یا آپ کسی سے بات نہیں کرنا چاہتے، یا آپ کو کم محسوس ہونے کی وجہ سے آپس میں ملنا نہیں چاہتے۔ لیکن یہ ایک دو دن میں گزر جائے گا۔ کم مزاجی زیادہ دیر تک نہیں رہتی۔

تاہم، اگر یہ طویل عرصے تک برقرار رہتا ہے، تو آپ کو صحت کی دیکھ بھال کرنے والے سے مشورہ کرنا چاہیے کیونکہ یہ ڈپریشن کی علامت ہو سکتی ہے۔

ڈپریشن کی ایک بڑی قسط کے دوران، انسان کی توانائی کی سطح بہت کم ہو جاتی ہے اور اس کے ارد گرد کی دنیا ٹوٹتی اور بکھرتی محسوس ہوتی ہے۔ شدید غم اور غصے کے جذبات ہیں۔ وہ شخص ان سرگرمیوں میں دلچسپی کھو دیتا ہے جو پہلے اسے پرجوش کرتی تھیں۔ ایک چھوٹا سا کام کرنا ایک بڑی چیز کی طرح محسوس ہوتا ہے جسے پورا کرنا ہے، اور وہ شخص معمول سے زیادہ دیر تک سو سکتا ہے۔ کم خود اعتمادی اور بے وقعتی کے احساسات انسان کو اپنی لپیٹ میں لینے لگتے ہیں، اور وہ خودکشی کے خیالات بھی لے سکتے ہیں۔

Depression in English

Do you often feel low without any reason? That is alright. You may feel like that after major events or distressing periods of your life. All of us go through different stages of our lives and face different challenges that can make us feel low. You may lack confidence, or do not want to talk to someone, or do not want to socialize because you are feeling low. But it will pass in a day or two. The low mood does not remain for a long time. 

However, if it persists for a long time, you must consult with a healthcare provider as it can be a sign of depression.

During a major depressive episode, the energy levels of the person become very low and the world around them feels to collapse and shatter. There are feelings of extreme sadness and anger. The person loses interest in activities that previously used to excite them. Doing a simple small task feels like a big thing to accomplish, and the person may sleep for longer than usual periods. Feelings of low self-esteem and worthlessness begin to take over a person, and they may even get suicidal thoughts.

Symptoms of Depression

The signs and symptoms of depression may continue for a long time. Also, they are severe as compared to a low mood. They can be as follows;

  • Feeling angry and agitated
  • Losing interest in activities in which you were interested before.
  • Crying and feeling of hopelessness
  • Loss of concentration
  • Laying on couch/bed for a long time
  • Avoiding exposure to friends and family
  • Thinking negatively
  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Lack of energy
  • Alterations in eating habits-either overeating or loss of appetite
  • Why Are You Feeling Low?
  • The reasons that can make you feel low can be
  • Having any disease or a chronic condition
  • Losing a loved one
  • Losing a job
  • Unable to achieve your goal
  • Lack of sleep in the night
  • Comparing your life with someone else
  • Job stress and workload
  • Bullying
  • Company of negative people
  • A toxic relationship

How Can You Get Rid of Depression?

To get rid of depression, you can do the following activities;

Do Some Interesting Activities

If you are depressed, engage yourself in different interesting activities like painting, drawing, or pottery. These kinds of activities help you to connect with yourself and refresh your mind. They let your brain get rid of negative thoughts going on in your mind. If you often feel low, list down the activities, and incorporate them into your routine. Doing that will lift your mood, eventually letting you feel better. 

Talk to Someone

Pouring your heart out is essential to get rid of the thoughts that are bothering you. Speak to someone in your family or friend whom you trust. Tell them about the thing that is making you feel low. A heart-to-heart conversation with a loved one can help in finding out solutions to your problems. Moreover, if you are upset with someone you love, talk to them. Do not avoid talking due to the fear of losing that person. Lack of communication can be dangerous for any relationship. Therefore connecting is essential in any relationship. 

Get A Good Night Sleep

Sleeping is an essential component of keeping yourself healthy. If you want to stay fit, both physically and mentally, you must take a proper good night's sleep. When you do not sleep well at night, you constantly feel agitated in the daytime. Furthermore, when you sleep at night, your body repairs and heals itself, which helps you get rid of many diseases as well as depression. 


Depression can occur due to the different circumstances of your life. Staying positive in hard times is the key to recovery. Moreover, talk to your loved ones about the things bothering you. Try to figure out the cause and find out the solution to the problem. Engage yourself in interesting activities. Do not overthink, and get rid of all the negative thoughts going on in your mind. If you need help to get rid of depression, and low mood, you can consult with a healthcare provider.

Frequently Asked Questions

Depression meaning in urdu is Zehni dabao ذہنی دباؤ

There is no single cause of depression, but rather a combination of biological, social, and psychological factors that contribute to its risk. Biologically, depression may be caused by disruptions in neurotransmitters such as serotonin, changes in brain chemistry, genetic predisposition, and hormonal changes. Socially, stressful and traumatic life events, limited access to resources, and a lack of social support can increase vulnerability to depression. Psychologically, negative thoughts and problematic coping behaviors, such as avoidance and substance use, can also contribute to depression.

Common symptoms of depression include feelings of sadness, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, sleep disturbances, changes in appetite, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and thoughts of death or suicide.

There are several ways to cope with depression, including lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, medication, and support from family and friends. Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, getting enough sleep, and avoiding substance use can all help to reduce symptoms of depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of psychotherapy that helps to identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to depression. Medication can also be helpful in managing depression. Lastly, having a strong support system of family and friends can be beneficial in managing depression.

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