Dyspareunia - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment
Last Updated On Friday, October 7, 2022
Dyspareunia in English
Sex is a pleasureful act. But sometimes it can cause pain- a condition known as dyspareunia. It can occur due to various reasons and often they are treatable. Seldom it occurs due to an untreatable reason. Pain can occur either during or after sex. Sometimes changing positions can also help get rid of it. The healthcare providers focus on treating the underlying cause.
Anatomy of the female internal reproductive organs
The female reproductive organs constitute the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina.
The ovaries are responsible for producing an egg (ovum) every month and the uterus is responsible for bearing the fetus throughout the pregnancy. The fallopian tubes, also known as oviducts, connect the uterus with the ovaries giving a passage for the egg to come to the uterus. The uterus is connected to the vagina or birth canal-a muscular canal that is responsible for the reception of the penis during sexual intercourse and the provision of a passageway for the baby during childbirth. The vagina connects the uterus to the external reproductive organs.
The symptoms of painful sex can be;
A sense of pain that occurs on the penetration of the penis
Pain while penetrating anything, either penis or a tampon
Deep pain during thrusting
Burning pain in the vagina
Aching pain in the vagina
Throbbing pain that hours after intercourse
Lubrication-Vagina, when not lubricated, can cause pain. It also happens when women reaching menopause have a dry vagina due to low levels of estrogen. Lubricating the vagina properly with lube can help get rid of it.
Taking certain medications like antidepressants, high blood pressure medications, sedatives, antihistamines, and certain birth control pills.
Having an injury in the pelvis or pelvic inflammatory disease
An episiotomy is done during childbirth to let the child out of the birth canal
Inflammation of the genitals
Eczema on the genital region
Vaginismus- a condition in which the muscles of the vagina contract involuntarily and do not let enter anything. It can also occur due to stress and anxiety. Seeking psychological advice can help get rid of it.
Congenital abnormality when the vagina is improperly developed- a condition called vaginal agenesis or development of a membrane that blocks the vaginal opening- a condition called the imperforate hymen.
Certain Health Conditions like;
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Irritable bowel syndrome
Pelvic floor dysfunction
Emotional factors that can cause pain during sex are;
Stress and anxiety
Psychological issues that do not let you arouse
Having a history of sexual abuse
To prevent pain during sex the following tips can help;
If vaginal dryness is a problem, try to lubricate the vagina with a lube
For vaginal yeast apply antifungal cream in the vagina or take oral antifungals
If it occurs due to a sexually transmitted disease, take antibiotics
Try sitting in the bathtub in a lukewarm water
Take a pain reliever before or after sex
For valvular vestibulitis low dose, topical therapy can also help
Dyspareunia is a condition in which pain occurs during or after sex. It can occur due to various reasons and often they are treatable. Seldom it occurs due to an untreatable reason. Pain can occur either during or after sex. Sometimes changing positions can also help get rid of it. The healthcare providers focus on treating the underlying cause.