Mumps - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment
Last Updated On Friday, March 1, 2024
Mumps in Urdu
ممپس ایک وائرل انفیکشن ہے، جو بچوں میں عام ہے، جو تھوک، ناک کی رطوبتوں اور قریبی رابطے میں رہنے کے ذریعے ایک شخص سے دوسرے میں منتقل ہوتا ہے۔ یہ تھوک کے غدود کو متاثر کرتا ہے جسے پیروٹائڈ غدود کہا جاتا ہے- جو تھوک پیدا کرنے کے ذمہ دار ہیں۔ تھوک پیدا کرنے والے غدود آپ کے کان کے قریب واقع ہوتے ہیں جب وہ ممپس کی وجہ سے پھول جاتے ہیں تو آپ کے چہرے پر سوجن ہوتی ہے۔ یہ ایک یا دونوں غدود کی سوجن کا سبب بن سکتا ہے۔ ممپس کا کوئی خاص علاج نہیں ہے، لیکن علامتی علاج مدد کر سکتا ہے۔ تاہم، ٹیکے لگوانے سے اسے روکنے میں مدد مل سکتی ہے۔ شاذ و نادر ہی، ممپس سماعت کے نقصان کا سبب بن سکتا ہے۔
Mumps in English
Mumps is a viral infection, common in children, that transmits from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions, and remaining in close contact. It affects the salivary glands known as parotid glands- ones responsible for producing saliva. The saliva-producing glands are located near your ear when they swell due to mumps cause swelling on your face. It can cause swelling of one or both glands. There is no specific treatment for mumps, but symptomatic treatment can help. However, getting vaccinated can help prevent it. Rarely, mumps may cause hearing loss.
Mostly mumps does not show any noticeable symptoms or causes mild ones. Two weeks after exposure to an infected person, you may develop the signs and symptoms of mumps. Initially, it may show;
- low-grade fever
- body aches
- loss of appetite
The most characteristic symptom of mumps is swelling of salivary glands, either one or both. Due to which other symptoms occur like;
- Difficulty swallowing
- Pain while chewing
- Pain in the swollen glands
- Pain that radiates to the ear
Mumps is a viral disease that spreads through respiratory droplets. If you are not immune to the virus, you may catch it by breathing in saliva droplets from an infected person who has just coughed or sneezed. You can also get it by sharing the same utensils or food with the infected person.
Mumps seldom cause complications. But they can cause some potentially serious conditions. It can cause swelling of one part of the body. The complications of mumps involve;
Orchitis is the inflammation of testicles that occur in males who have reached puberty. It is painful but rarely it may cause sterility. To reduce pain, you can use an ice pack and over-the-counter pain relievers.
Mumps can lead to swelling of the brain- a condition known as encephalitis. It can cause neurological problems and may become life-threatening.
Your brain is surrounded by a layer called meninges that protects it. Mumps can cause inflammation of the meninges, called meningitis. It can occur if mumps infections spread in your bloodstream.
Mumps can lead to pancreatitis- inflammation of the pancreas. It causes pain in the upper abdomen, vomiting, and oily stools.
Rarely but mumps can cause hearing loss by damaging the cochlea- structure of the inner ear that facilitates hearing.
Very rarely, but mumps can cause abnormal heart rhythm and diseases of the heart muscles.
Contracting mumps during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
There is no specific treatment for mumps. Since it is a viral infection, antibiotics do not work well. However, you must do plenty of rest when you are sick. Moreover, the following tips can help;
- Take an over-the-counter pain reliever like paracetamol or ibuprofen to lower fever.
- Apply ice packs on your swollen glands to lower pain.
- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration due to fever.
- Eat a soft diet like soups and ice cream, as chewing foods can be difficult for you due to pain.
- Avoid carbonated beverages and acidic foods as they can irritate your throat.
Mumps is a viral infection, common in children, that transmits from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions, and remaining in close contact. It affects the salivary glands known as parotid glands- ones responsible for producing saliva. There is no specific treatment for mumps, but symptomatic treatment can help. However, getting vaccinated can help prevent it. Rarely, mumps may cause hearing loss.
Frequently Asked Questions
Mumps meaning in Urdu is کن پھیڑ, as written in Urdu and Kin Pheer, as written in Roman Urdu. Mumps is an infectious febrile disorder characterized by a non-suppurative inflammation of the parotid glands and sometimes causing inflammation of the testes or ovaries. It is caused by infection with a paramyxovirus.
The main cause of mumps is a virus known as the mumps virus, which belongs to a group of viruses known as paramyxoviruses. The virus spreads from person to person through direct contact with infected saliva or through respiratory droplets from the infected person’s nose, mouth or throat.
The three main symptoms of mumps are fever, swollen salivary glands, and headache. Other symptoms may include muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite, and sore throat. Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12–25 days after infection.
You can catch mumps through the air from an infected person's cough or sneeze. You can also get it by direct contact with an infected person's saliva or other secretions, such as through kissing. Sharing items or surfaces contaminated with saliva can also transmit mumps.