Urinary Tract Infection - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Urinary Tract Infection in Urdu

پیشاب کی نالی کا نظام گردے، پیشاب کی نالی، پیشاب کی نالی اور پیشاب کی نالی پر مشتمل ہوتا ہے۔ ان میں سے کسی بھی حصے کا انفیکشن پیشاب کی نالی کا انفیکشن کہلاتا ہے۔ زیادہ تر، پیشاب کی نالی کے انفیکشن بیکٹیریا کی افزائش کی وجہ سے ہوتے ہیں۔ تاہم، فنگل کی افزائش پیشاب کی نالی کے انفیکشن کا سبب بھی بن سکتی ہے۔

پیشاب کی نالی کا انفیکشن پیشاب کے نظام کے کسی بھی حصے میں ہوسکتا ہے۔ یہ مثانے کی سوزش کا سبب بن سکتا ہے- ایک حالت جسے سیسٹائٹس کہتے ہیں، گردے کی سوزش- ایسی حالت جسے پائلونفرائٹس کہتے ہیں اور پیشاب کی نالی جسے یوریتھرائٹس کہتے ہیں۔ مردوں کے مقابلے خواتین میں پیشاب کی نالی کے انفیکشن عام ہیں کیونکہ ان کے اعضاء کی اناٹومی ہے۔

پیشاب ایک فضلہ کی مصنوعات ہے جسے آپ کے گردے زہریلے مادوں سے چھٹکارا حاصل کرنے کے لیے پیدا کرتے ہیں۔ عام حالات میں، پیشاب کی کوئی آلودگی نہیں ہوتی ہے۔ جبکہ بعض صورتوں میں، یہ آلودہ ہو سکتا ہے، بالآخر پیشاب کی نالی میں انفیکشن کا باعث بنتا ہے۔

تحقیق کے مطابق ہر 5 میں سے 1 خواتین کو اپنی زندگی میں ایک بار پیشاب کی نالی کا انفیکشن ہوتا ہے۔ زیادہ کثرت سے، وہ حمل کے دوران حاصل کرتے ہیں.

Urinary Tract Infection in English

The urinary tract system consists of kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters, and urethra. The infection of any of these parts is known as urinary tract infection. Mostly, infections of the urinary tract occur due to bacterial growth. However, fungal growth can also cause urinary tract infections.

The urinary tract infection can occur in any part of the urinary system. It can cause inflammation of the bladder- a condition called cystitis, inflammation of kidneys- a condition called pyelonephritis and urethra- called urethritis. Urinary tract infections are common in women as compared to men because of the anatomy of their genitals.


Urine is a waste product that your kidneys produce to get rid of toxins. Under normal conditions, no contamination of urine occurs. While in some cases, it may get contaminated, eventually causing urinary tract infection. 


According to research, every 1 in 5 women gets urinary tract infections once in their lifetime. More often, they get it during pregnancy. 


The symptoms of urinary tract infections are as follows. 


  • Urgency to urinate
  • Burning while passing urine and after it.
  • Fever
  • Palpitations 
  • A strong odor of urine
  • Change in color of urine to dark yellow or orange 
  • Pain in the pelvic region and back
  • Blood in urine 
  • Feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen 
  • Shaking and chills 

Risk Factors


The risk factors that can make you susceptible to urinary tract infections are:


  • Urinary tract abnormalities 
  • Kidney stones 
  • Diabetes
  • Long term immunosuppressants intake
  • Being a female
  • Reaching menopause
  • Being sexually active 
  • Drinking less than six glasses of water in a day
  • Using spermicidal or diaphragms for birth control as contraceptives  


Why Are Women More Prone to Urinary Tract Infections?


Women, as compared to men, are more prone to get urinary tract infections. The first reason for it is the anatomy of their genitals. The urethra is a tube that transports urine from the urinary bladder out of the body. In females, the urethra is shorter and close to the anus. Since stool contains E. coli, a bacteria that is healthy for the digestive system, therefore, from the anus, the bacteria can travel to the urethra and cause urinary tract infections. 


Also, women who are reaching menopause are more prone to urinary tract infections because their estrogen levels drop, eventually causing thinning of vaginal tissues. Due to this, bacteria can enter the urinary tract through the urethra.



Pregnancy also makes women prone to urinary tract infections because of hormonal alteration. Moreover, due to the pressure on their bladder due to the womb, they can not empty their bladder completely. Urine that is left in the bladder becomes a medium for bacterial growth, hence causing infection. 



Spermicide is a contraception method that kills the sperm a man ejaculates during intercourse. Women who use it as a contraception method are more prone to get urinary tract infections because it kills the healthy flora of your urinary tract system too, hence leading to infections. 



The most common symptoms of urinary tract infection are burning sensation after and while passing urine, lower abdominal pain, and pain. 

Urinary tract infections are the ones that occur in kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters, or urethra. You should not ignore the symptoms, as prolonging them can make them difficult to treat. Also, complete the antibiotic course as prescribed by your healthcare provider, because antibiotics, when not taken properly lead to resistance. Due to this, it becomes difficult to get rid of the infection. 


Furthermore, drink plenty of water if you are prone to urinary tract infections because doing that helps in flushing out toxins out from the urinary tract system. Maintaining good genital hygiene is also essential to prevent it. 

Frequently Asked Questions

A urinary tract infection is an infection in any part of the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply in the bladder. UTIs are more common in women than men and can cause symptoms such as a strong urge to urinate, a burning sensation when urinating, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and pelvic pain.

Urinary tract infections are typically treated with antibiotics, which can kill the bacteria causing the infection. The specific antibiotic prescribed will depend on the type of bacteria causing the infection and the severity of the infection. It's important to take the full course of antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor, even if your symptoms improve before the medication is finished. Drinking plenty of water and avoiding irritants such as caffeine and alcohol can also help alleviate symptoms.

There are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing a UTI, including: Drinking plenty of water to flush out bacteria from the urinary tract Wiping from front to back after using the bathroom to prevent bacteria from the anus from spreading to the urethra Urinating before and after sexual activity to flush out any bacteria that may have entered the urinary tract during intercourse Avoiding the use of feminine hygiene products that may irritate the urethra Taking showers instead of baths to avoid soaking in bacteria that may be present in the tub.

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