Lichen Planus - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Lichen planus is an inflammatory, non-infectious, itchy rash that occurs on the arms and legs. It presents as small, bumpy, pink, or purple rashes. According to many experts, it is an autoimmune disease. However, it may occur due to viral infection, stress, allergens, and genetic tendency. But, it is not contagious. It does not spread through touch. It happens because it occurs due to the defect in your immune system, rather than an attack of a parasite. It causes irritation and inflammation of the skin, mucus membrane, nails, and hair. Mostly it can be managed at home without any medical treatment. However, if it causes significant pain or itching, you may need medical treatment. 


Symptoms 


Lichen planus may show the following signs and symptoms.


  • Purple colored bumps mostly on the inner forearm, wrist or ankle, and sometimes the genitals.

  • Hair loss

  • Change in scalp color

  • Nail damage or loss

  • Itching

  • Blisters that break to form scabs or crusts

  • Lacy white patches in the mouth or on the lips or tongue

  • Painful sores in the mouth or vagina


Causes 


Lichen planus is an autoimmune disease, which means it occurs due to the hyperactivity of your immune system. However, it may be triggered due to;


  • Certain medication used for heart diseases, arthritis, and blood pressure

  • Exposure to certain chemicals and pigments

  • Flu vaccine 

  • Hepatitis C infection

  • Over the counter pain reliever like naproxen and ibuprofen


Risk factors


Lichen planus can occur in any age group. But most commonly, it attacks middle-aged people. 


Complications 


Lichen planus occurs on the vulva and vagina becomes difficult to manage. It also hinders sexual activity due to pain. In the long term, lichen planus may cause the complication of sexual dysfunction. The oral lesions of lichen planus make it difficult to eat food. In dark-skinned people, it may also leave a scar. 


Lichen planus of the ear, if left untreated, can lead to hearing loss and that of the oral cavity increases the risk of oral cancer. 


Treatment 


Generally, one does not need any medical treatment for lichen planus. But if it shows bothersome signs and symptoms and makes it difficult for you to cope with, the healthcare providers may prescribe medications like;


Retinoids- like vitamin A that can be applied topically or taken orally

Anti-inflammatory drugs like corticosteroids given to be applied topically, taken orally, or given as an injection.


Antihistamines reduce inflammation by blocking the release of histamine ( an inflammatory mediator). It may be particularly helpful if your rash is triggered by an allergen.


Pain-relieving nonsteroidal creams that are applied topically. They can help suppress your immune system and help clear up the rash.


Using light therapy- ultraviolet ras to get rid of lichen planus


Conclusion 


Lichen planus is an inflammatory, non-infectious, itchy rash that occurs on the arms and legs. It presents as small, bumpy, pink, or purple rashes. According to many experts, it is an autoimmune disease. However, it may occur due to viral infection, stress, allergens, and genetic tendency. But, it is not contagious. It does not spread through touch. Mostly it can be managed at home without any medical treatment. However, if it causes significant pain or itching, you may need medical treatment. 

Dr. Arsilah Erum - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Arsilah Erum

Dermatologist

MBBS, FCPS

Laser Treatment, Nail Infections, Phototherapy, PRP And Endoret For Hairs

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
6 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
6 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Faryal Athar - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Faryal Athar

Dermatologist

MBBS, DD

Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Eye Brow Lift, Facial Contouring By Fillers

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
14 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
14 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Mehwish Jahangir - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Mehwish Jahangir

Dermatologist

MBBS, FCPS (Dermatology)

Carbon Peel, Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Dermatitis, Facial Contouring By Fillers

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
12 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
12 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Meraj Saadat - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Meraj Saadat

Dermatologist

Diploma in Dermatology, MBBS

Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Eye Brow Lift, Hyperhidrosis, Microneedling

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
21 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
21 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Sehrish Ashraf - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Sehrish Ashraf

Dermatologist

MBBS, FCPS (Dermatology)

CIT For Skin Tightening And Scar Correction, Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Dermatitis, Double Chin Treatment

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
9 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
9 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Sania Javaid - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Sania Javaid

Dermatologist

MBBS, MCPS (Dermatology)

Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Eye Brow Lift, Hyperhidrosis, Microneedling

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
9 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
9 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Sobia Khakwani - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Sobia Khakwani

Dermatologist

MBBS, MCPS

Dermatitis, Double Chin Treatment, Facial Contouring By Fillers

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
14 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
14 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Sumara Rashid - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Sumara Rashid

Dermatologist

MBBS, FCPS (Dermatology)

Acne Scar Treatment, Carbon Peel, Microneedling, Pigmentation And Skin Lightening

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
11 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
11 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Saleha Zeeshan - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Saleha Zeeshan

Dermatologist

MBBS, MCPS

Acne Scar Treatment, Carbon Peel, Chemical Peeling, Dermatitis

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
6 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
6 Years Experiance
98% Satisfied Patients
Dr. Tahir Kamal - Dermatologist in Lahore

Dr. Tahir Kamal

Dermatologist

MBBS, FCPS (Dermatology), DDSC (UK)

Adult And Paediatric Dermatology, Cryotherapy And Electrocautery, Dermatitis, Nail Infections

Under 15 Mins Wait Time
26 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients
View Profile
Under 15 Mins Wait Time
26 Years Experiance
99% Satisfied Patients

Doctors for Lichen Planus in Different Cities