Whooping Cough - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Monday, May 27, 2024

Whooping Cough in Urdu

کالی کھانسی، جسے کالی کھانسی بھی کہا جاتا ہے، اوپری سانس کی نالی کی ایک انتہائی متعدی بیماری ہے جو بورڈٹیلا پرٹیوسس نامی بیکٹیریا کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ یہ کھانسی کے بے قابو ہونے کا سبب بنتی ہے جس سے سانس لینا مشکل ہو جاتا ہے۔ بہت سے لوگوں میں، یہ شدید ہیکنگ کھانسی کا سبب بنتا ہے، اس کے بعد تیز تیز سانس لینے کی آواز آتی ہے جو کہ ہوپ کی طرح محسوس ہوتی ہے۔ یہ کسی بھی عمر کے گروپ میں ہوسکتا ہے، لیکن زیادہ تر یہ بچوں کو متاثر کرتا ہے۔ اگر نوزائیدہ بچوں میں پرٹسس ہوتا ہے، تو یہ جان لیوا ہو سکتا ہے۔


کالی کھانسی کو وقت پر اپنے آپ کو اس کے خلاف ویکسین کروا کر روکا جا سکتا ہے۔ ویکسین کی دریافت سے پہلے یہ بچوں میں موت کی ایک بڑی وجہ تھی۔ تاہم اب اس کی وجہ سے ہونے والی اموات بہت کم ہیں۔ لیکن اگر آپ کے بچے کو حفاظتی ٹیکے نہیں لگائے جاتے ہیں، تو وہ انفیکشن کا شکار ہو سکتے ہیں۔ اس لیے ضروری ہے کہ انہیں صحیح وقت پر اس سے بچاؤ کے ٹیکے لگوائیں۔ اس کے علاوہ، اس بات کو یقینی بنائیں کہ جن لوگوں کا آپ کے نوزائیدہ کے ساتھ گہرا تعلق ہے (بشمول ماں) اس کے خلاف ٹیکے لگائے گئے ہیں۔

Whooping Cough in English

Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly contagious disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by the bacteria Bordetella Pertussis. It causes uncontrollable bouts of cough that make it difficult to breathe. In many people, it causes severe hacking cough, followed by high pitched breath intake that sounds like a whoop. It can occur in any age group, but mostly it affects children. If pertussis occurs in infants, it can be deadly. 

 

Whooping cough can be prevented by getting yourself vaccinated against it on time. Before the discovery of the vaccine, it was a major cause of death among children. However, now, deaths due to it are very rare. But if your child is left unvaccinated, they can get infected. Therefore it is a must to get them vaccinated against it at the right time. Also, make sure that people who have a close interaction with your newborn ( including the mother) are vaccinated against it. 

 

Symptoms 

 

The symptoms of whooping cough at first resemble that of the common cold. Upon getting infected, it takes 7 to 10 days to appear. However, sometimes it may take longer. It causes uncontrollable bouts of cough that make it difficult to breathe. In many people, it causes severe hacking cough, followed by high pitched breath intake that sounds like a whoop. However, sometimes it may not cause the whooping sound. At times, it may only cause hacking cough. The signs and symptoms of pertussis are;

 

  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Nasal congestion
  • Red, watery eyes

 

After the passage of one to two weeks, the symptoms may become worse. Prolonged cough can lead to;

 

  • vomiting
  • blue or purple skin around the mouth
  • dehydration
  • breathing difficulties

 

These symptoms can be accompanied by a low-grade fever. Sometimes infants may not even cough. They may have difficulty breathing or may even stop breathing.  

 

Causes 

 

Pertussis is a highly contagious disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by the bacteria Bordetella Pertussis. A healthy person can catch it if an infected person coughs or sneezes and you breathe in the same air.  

 

Complications 

 

Whooping cough can lead to complications, especially in infants. Therefore they should be monitored closely. It can lead to complications like;

 

  • Pneumonia 
  • Seizures 
  • Bleeding in the brain
  • Brain damage
  • Apnea-slowed or stopped breathing
  • Convulsions 
  • Death 

 

 

In older children and people, it can lead to;

 

  • urinary incontinence- loss of bladder control
  • pneumonia
  • difficulty sleeping
  • rib fracture

 

Prevention 

 

The only way to prevent whooping cough spread is that everyone should get vaccinated. You must get your newborn infant vaccinated against it at;

 

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months

 

After that, they need booster shots at the ages;

 

  • 15 to 18 months
  • 4 to 6 years and again at 11 years old

 

Not only children are vulnerable to it. Even adults can get infected. Therefore you must get yourself vaccinated if it has been more than 10 years. According to experts, the immunity provided by the vaccine in childhood wears off over time. So, you must get it again in your adulthood. Moreover, you must get vaccinated if;

 

You remain in a close environment with infants and children

  • Are above the age of 65
  • Are a healthcare provider

 

 

Conclusion 

 

Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly contagious disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by the bacteria Bordetella Pertussis. It causes uncontrollable bouts of cough that make it difficult to breathe. In many people, it causes severe hacking cough, followed by high pitched breath intake that sounds like a whoop. It can occur in any age group, but mostly it affects children. If pertussis occurs in infants, it can be deadly. 


Frequently Asked Questions

Whooping cough meaning in urdu is کالی کھانسی .

Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny germ-laden droplets are sprayed into the air and breathed into the lungs of anyone who happens to be nearby. Whooping cough is highly contagious and can spread easily through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva and mucus, or contact with infected surfaces.

The symptoms of whooping cough usually start as similar to those of a common cold, such as a runny nose, red and watery eyes, a sore throat, and a slightly raised temperature. As the infection progresses, the symptoms may become more severe and include fits of many, rapid coughs followed by a high-pitched “whoop” sound, vomiting during or after coughing fits, and exhaustion after coughing fits. In babies, the early symptoms can be different and may include mild coughing, sneezing, and a low fever.

Doctors For Whooping Cough

Dr. Javed Akram

General Physician

41 Years

Dr. Samia Khan

General Physician

38 Years

Dr. Bilal Amjad

General Physician

3 Years

Dr. Shahbaz Ashraf

General Physician

12 Years

Dr. Nouman Anjum

General Physician

11 Years

Dr. Abdul Ghani Waseem

General Physician

14 Years

Dr. Abdul Hameed Jamali

General Physician

11 Years

Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Latif

General Physician

11 Years

Dr. Imran

General Physician

12 Years

Doctors for Whooping Cough in Different Cities

Top Labs in Pakistan