Tooth Decay - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment
Last Updated On Wednesday, December 7, 2022
Tooth Decay in English
Tooth cavities are areas in the dental cavity that are damaged permanently in the hard surface of the teeth, usually due to bacterial growth. They can lead to openings and holes. Cavities occur due to improper oral hygiene. Maintaining oral health is an essential part of the self-care routine. If you do not keep your oral cavity clean, it can lead to infections and cavities. Also, it can be more injurious to your health if you have diabetes, heart disease, or cancer. Keeping your oral cavity clean is a lifelong habit. The earlier you learn the importance of keeping your oral cavity clean, the more damage you can prevent to your teeth and overall health.
To maintain overall health, you must make a routine of frequent brushing, mouthwash, flossing, and limiting your sugar intake. The cleaner you will keep it, the more you will have to stay away from costly dental treatments and long term health issues.
To keep your teeth and dental cavity clean, you must;
Brush your teeth at least twice, in the morning and at night, with a fluoride toothpaste
Floss your teeth at least once a day
Decrease the overall sugar intake
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
Drink clean and fluoridated water
Visit your dentist frequently for follow up visits
Cavities or tooth decay, if not treated earlier, can lead to severe toothache, infection, and abscess. To prevent that, you must maintain good oral hygiene. For that, you must follow all the above-mentioned tips.
The signs and symptoms of tooth cavities vary according to the extent and depth of their spread. At earlier stages, it may not show any bothersome symptoms. However, if it progresses, it may show the following signs and symptoms.
Tender areas, swelling, or ulcers in the mouth that do not heal in a week or two
Bleeding from gums after flossing or brushing
Sensitivity to cold or hot
Pain in teeth/ toothache
Pain with chewing or biting
Swelling of the face and cheek
Eating a diet rich in sugar is harmful to your oral cavity. Some of them are normal flora, while some of them are not. Sugar can become a residing place for acid-producing bacteria, which produce acid there. Eventually, that acid can destroy tooth enamel and cause oral cavities. Other causes of dental caries are;
acid reflux, or heartburn
frequent vomiting, due to the acid
the use of medications that reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth
family history, or genetics
certain infections, such as HIV or AIDS
poor brushing habits
frequent snacking on sugary foods and drinks
hormonal changes in women
Oral and general health
Oral hygiene affects your general health too. If too many bacteria grow in your oral cavity, they can enter your systemic circulation too. They can also infect the lining of your heart, causing endocarditis- inflammation of the heart lining. Oral bacterial infection can also be associated with heart diseases, low birth weight, and premature birth.
Maintaining oral health is an essential part of the self-care routine. If you do not keep your oral cavity clean, it can lead to infections and cavities. Also, it can be more injurious to your health if you have diabetes, heart disease, or cancer.