Sore Throat - Symptoms, Risk factors and Treatment

Last Updated On Monday, January 30, 2023

Sore Throat in Urdu

گلے کی سوزش ایک ایسی حالت ہے جس میں آپ کے گلے میں درد اور خارش کے ساتھ خارش بھی ہوتی ہے۔ مزید یہ کہ درد کھانے یا نگلنے پر بڑھ جاتا ہے۔ گلے کی سوزش زیادہ تر بیکٹیریل یا وائرل انفیکشن کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ عام طور پر گلے کی خراش خود ہی دور ہوجاتی ہے۔ لیکن بعض اوقات آپ کو اس سے چھٹکارا پانے کے لیے اینٹی بائیوٹک لینے کی ضرورت پڑ سکتی ہے۔ چھوٹے بچوں میں گلے کی سوزش زیادہ عام ہے کیونکہ وہ اسکولوں اور اداروں میں قریب رہتے ہیں۔


گلے کے جس حصے میں انفیکشن ہوتا ہے اس کے مطابق گلے کی خراش کو درج ذیل زمروں میں تقسیم کیا جا سکتا ہے۔


گرسنیشوت - گلے کی سوزش جو منہ کے بالکل پیچھے والے حصے میں ہوتی ہے۔


ٹانسلائٹس - ایک گلے کی سوزش جو ٹانسلز میں ہوتی ہے، منہ کے پچھلے حصے میں دو نرم بافتیں۔


لارینجائٹس- لالی، اور لیرنکس کی سوجن- جسے وائس باکس بھی کہا جاتا ہے۔

Sore Throat in English

Sore throat is a condition in which your throat pains and itches along with scratchiness. Moreover, the pain worsens upon eating or swallowing. Mostly sore throat occurs due to a bacterial or viral infestation. Usually, a sore throat goes away on its own. But sometimes you may need to take an antibiotic to get rid of it. Sore throats are more common in young children because they remain in close exposure in schools and institutes. 


According to the part of the throat the infection occurs in, sore throat can be classified in the following categories. 


Pharyngitis- a sore throat that occurs in the pharynx, the area right behind the mouth. 


Tonsillitis - a sore throat that occurs in the tonsils, the two soft tissues located at the back of the mouth. 


Laryngitis- redness, and swelling of the larynx- also known as the voice box.



Symptoms 


The signs and symptoms of sore throat may vary depending upon the severity. They may show up as;


  • Pain in the throat that worsens upon eating, talking, or swallowing
  • A scratchy feeling in the throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sore, swollen tonsil glands
  • White patches or pus on your tonsils
  • A hoarse or muffled voice


A sore throat can cause other symptoms too like;


  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting


If you have any of the following symptoms, along with sore throat you should consult with your healthcare provider as soon as possible. 


  • Frequently recurring sore throats
  • A lump in your neck
  • Joint pain
  • Earache
  • Rash
  • Fever higher than 101 F (38.3 C)
  • Hoarseness lasting more than two weeks
  • Blood in your saliva 
  • Blood in your phlegm
  • Swelling in your neck 
  • Swelling in your face


Causes 


Viral infections that cause sore throat can be;


  • Common cold
  • Influenza
  • Measles
  • Chickenpox
  • COVID-19
  • Croup


Bacteria can also cause sore throat, for which you need to take an antibiotic. The most common bacteria that cause sore throat is Streptococcus pyrogens (group A streptococcus) that causes strep throat. If left untreated, it can cause other life-threatening symptoms like rheumatic heart disease. 



Risk factors 


The following can be risk factors for sore throat;


  • Allergies to dust, dander, and mites
  • Breathing in dry air that makes your throat dry and scratchy
  • Exposure to outdoor pollutants and irritants
  • Drinking too much alcohol and smoking cigarettes
  • Eating spicy food that irritates your throat
  • Talking loudly for a long time and with strain
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease- a condition in which gastric acid regurgitates backward from stomach to esophagus
  • HIV infection-it suppresses your immune system and predisposes you to infections
  • Tumors of throat
  • Living in a close environment
  • Suffering from a chronic or frequent sinus infection
  • Weekend immunity 
  • Diabetes 
  • Stress


Prevention 


To prevent repeated sore throat, you must exercise the following tips;


  • Do not share your personal items with anyone else
  • Cough or sneeze in a tissue paper and throw it away in the dust bin right away
  • Wash your hands after using a toilet, shaking hands, before eating, after coughing and sneezing
  • Avoid touching high touch surfaces
  • Avoid close contact with sick people



Conclusion


Sore throat is a condition in which your throat pains, itches along with scratchiness. Moreover, the pain worsens upon eating or swallowing. Mostly sore throat occurs due to a bacterial or viral infestation. Usually, a sore throat goes away on its own. But sometimes you may need to take an antibiotic to get rid of it. Sore throats are more common in young children because they remain in close exposure in schools and institutes.


Frequently Asked Questions

Sore throat meaning in Urdu is Galaay ki soozish (گلے کی سوزِش). Pronunciation of Sore Throat in roman Urdu is "Galaay ki soozish" and Translation of Sore Throat in Urdu writing script is گلے کی سوزِش.

A sore throat may start with a raspy feeling in your throat, as if your throat is dry. It may also feel like your throat is on fire. If your sore throat is caused by a virus, you may also have cold symptoms, such as a runny nose, cough, fever, and swollen lymph nodes in your neck.

Many things can cause a sore throat, including viral and bacterial infections, allergies, and irritants. Common causes include: viral infections, such as the common cold, flu, or mononucleosis; bacterial infections, such as strep throat; allergies; smoking; postnasal drip; and dry air.

Some home remedies can help get rid of a sore throat quickly. These include: drinking warm liquids, such as tea or broth; gargling with warm salt water; sucking on throat lozenges; taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen; using a humidifier; and resting.

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